- Material living standards must be much less affluent. In a sustainable society per capita rates of resources use must be a small fraction of those in Australia today.
- There must be mostly small scale highly self-sufficient local economies.
- There must be mostly cooperative and participatory local systems whereby small communities control their own affairs, independent of the international and global economies.
- A very different economic system must be developed, one that is under social control, geared to meeting needs as distinct from maximising profits, not driven by market forces, and without any growth.